Seeds, Roots and Plants for Sale|
Perennial Seed Set:
True Comfrey, Stinging Nettle, White Yarrow, Bronze Fennel.
Flour Corn: Planting & Harvest
Help preserve this Native American heritage maize crop.
A soft flour corn for baking and cooking.
White Flour Corn (Zea Mays var. amylacea)
does well even if you only plant 1/10 or 1/4 of an acre. (An acre is 43,560
square feet. A 1/10 acre is 4,356 square feet.)
It is good to plant Cherokee Flour Corn at 14,000 seeds or less per acre.
For 9,680 seeds per acre, it is one seed every 18 inches in the row,
with rows 36 inches apart. For 1/10 acre that is 968 seeds.
For 10,890 seeds per acre, it is one seed every 16 inches in the row, with
rows 36 inches apart. For 1/10 acre that is 1,089 seeds.
For 14,520 seeds per acre, it is one seed every 12 inches in the row, with
rows 36 inches apart. For 1/10 acre that is 1,452 seeds.
For 17,424 seeds per acre, it is one seed every 12 inches in the row, with
rows 30 inches apart (this is crowded). For 1/10 acre that is 1,742 seeds.
There are online seed calculators where you enter the distance between seeds
in the row and the distance between rows. It tells you how many seeds you
need per acre or per 100 foot row.
Spacing Between Corn (Maize) Plants
Spacing depends on how rich the soil is and the amount
of moisture that is expected. The more space between plants, the better the plants grow and the bigger
the ears of corn.
With proper spacing, stalks and roosts are strong. Cherokee Flour corn plants
are not prone to lodging (falling over).
Dried corn weighs about 56 pounds per bushel. Depending on your spacing,
soil and moisture, you should get about 50-65 bushels per acre.
||Proper Corn Plant Pollination
Corn has male (tassels at top of corn stalks) and female (pollinated through the silks on the ear) parts. Female corn flowers are pollinated almost always by wind, rarely by insects.
Pollen can be carried great distances, so for pure seed, ideally, your corn
needs to be at least 1 mile from all other varieties of corn. With a distance
of 1000 feet, your seed will still be reasonably pure.
|Maintaining Genetic Diverstiy and Vigor
‘inbreeding depression’ (not enough genetic variety) of corn (maize) seeds
you save to plant, you need to take seeds from at least 100 different ears
that were pollinated by at least 200 plants.
||How to Properly Save Corn Seed
goes into very good detail about this in her book "Breed Your Own Vegetable
Varieties”. I highly recommend it if you want to save corn seed. Even one
generation of inbreeding in corn can greatly reduce genetic diversity and
vigor of the crop.
Your Corn Field
It is good to fertilize before planting your corn seed, and if you can, till it in.
When the corn plants are knee high, side dress with more fertilizer and till it lightly so you don’t disrupt the root system.
You can go between the rows with a small rototiller and till just the top of the soil to control weeds.
Your Cherokee White Flour Corn
When the corn husks turn brown on the plant, remove the ears and store indoors (dry with good ventilation) for another month for complete drying.
& Storing Your Corn Seeds
corn seeds are thoroughly dry, shell the seed off the ear. Put in a plastic
bag, and store where pests can not get to it such as in a refrigerator or
freezer. If not stored in the fridge, then store in a glass or plastic container.
Cherokee White Flour Corn
Shelling percentage is the ratio or percentage of total ear weight to shelled corn weight.
Typical dent corns shell at 85% (if the dry ear weighs 10 ounces, it will shell at 8.5 ounces).
Cherokee White Flour Corn shells at around 65%. The ear count is good (number of seeds per ear).
Cherokee White Flour Corn: Buying & Description
Cherokee White Flour Corn: History
Cherokee White Flour Corn: More Photos
Cherokee Trail of Tears Black Beans